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Proposal Details

Proposal ID115
ProposalGNC, size and apportionment of delegates
PresenterMike Feinstein of California, with a second by Craig Thorsen of California
Floor ManagerHugh Esco
PhaseDiscussion
Discussion04/23/2010 - 05/14/2010
Voting12/23/2030 - 12/29/2030
Presens Quorum 0.6666
Consens Quorum 0.6666 of Yes and No Votes

Background

Despite moving from a National Committee (NC) based upon two delegates per state party when the GPUS was formed in 2001, to a proportional representation system among the states in 2002, the GPUS has never formally amended its Bylaws or Rules and Procedures to address the size of the NC nor the apportionment of delegates within it. This proposal seeks to do just that.

The NC has previously approved of several proposals dealing with the process of apportionment: #5 Proposal on implementation of proportional representation, , #175 Creation Of A Delegate Apportionment Committee , #272 Allocation of Delegates to the National Committee of the Green Party version 2 , #279 Apportionment Standing Committee Policies And Procedures , #418 Proposal to Amend GPUS National Committee Delegate Apportionment Formula -- unrevised , and #429 National Committee Apportionment Schedule . But none of these proposals were ever proposed as amendments to the Bylaws or Rules and Procedures. That being said, the gp.org website currently cuts and pastes #272 (as amended by #418 and #429) into the Rules and Procedures, but the numbering and format is of a stand alone document, not part of a larger Rules and Procedures.

In 2010 a reapportionment process was undertaken, leading to the passage of #443 Delegate Allocation for GPUS National Committee for 2010 . During that process it became clear that the party's apportionment process would benefit from clarification and/or further enunciation in a few places, like

- what happens to the size of the NC when a state party becomes accredited after an apportionment is approved (see 8-1.4 below)

- when does the apportionment go into effect and how does that effect proposals before the NC that are in the discussion and voting phase (8-1.3 and 8-1.6)

Without changing the meaning or intent of what is already in #272, this proposal attempts to more seamlessly embed #272 into the GPUS Rules and Procedures. The proposal edits #272's content for clarity, brevity and consistent use of terms, and reorders, renumbers and reformats the amended text to fit into the Article/Section/Sub-Section format for GPUS rules documents as practiced recently in the party's Convention Rules. In addition, this proposal adds text from #175 that also relates directly to apportionment and embeds the Mission Statements of the Apportionment Committee and the renamed Apportionment Formula Committee (the old Delegate Allocation Committee), so that all of the party's procedures on apportionment are in the same place. Finally as provided for in #78 Creation of a Green Officeholders Network that recognized Networks get one non-voting NC delegate.

The one new procedure recommended has to do with the section embedding #175. When #175 was passed, it provided for a Delegate Apportionment Formula to be established in 2006 and then for it to be revisited in 2010, but nothing was said for what would happen after 2010. This proposal recommends striking a middle ground between having the formula revisited every four years, which some would feel is a preoccupation with structure and rules at the expense of political organizing; and having no regular, scheduled intervals with which the party could review its apportionment formula. So this proposal recommends a regular review of the formula every eight years and an option for the NC to vote by 2/3 to authorize an additional, one-time review four years into any eight year period. (see 8-1.7 below)

The reason for this proposal coming forward now is two-fold. First, to update the GPUS Rules and Procedures for clarity, brevity and consistency. But second, to do so because #175 mandated that a Delegate Apportionment Committee (DAC) will be elected in 2010 and make a recommendation on amending the current Delegate Apportionment Formula before November of 2010. By providing a clear document that most accurately describes current practice, this proposal would provide a solid foundation for that work and perhaps minimize confusion that could otherwise arise during that process. Please finally note that this proposal is specifically not intended to address the question of NC size. It is the intent of its authors that the GPUS Rules and Procedures be brought up to date in the manner intended in this proposal, and that the issue of NC size be taken up separately and individually upon its own merits.

Proposal

That the existing ARTICLE VIII ALLOCATION OF DELEGATES TO THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE GREEN PARTY of the GPUS Rules and Procedures be replaced by the following

ARTICLE VIII. NATIONAL COMMITTEE SIZE AND DELEGATE APPORTIONMENT
Section 8-1. Size and apportionment of National Committee

8-1.1 The National Committee shall consist of 200 2 delegates, when including all delegates from all state parties and caucuses accredited at the time of bi-annual apportionment, as described in 8-1.3.

8-1.2 All accredited state parties are entitled to a minimum of two delegates. A state party may voluntarily choose to have fewer than two delegates. All accredited caucuses are entitled to one delegate. All recognized networks are entitled to one non-voting delegate, which shall not be included in the calculation of the 200 2 delegates as established in 8-1.1.

8-1.3 Apportionment of delegates to state parties shall be based upon the Delegate Apportionment Categories in 8-5 and the Delegate Apportionment Formula in 8-6. Every two years in the odd-numbered year, the Apportionment Committee shall calculate the implementation of the Delegate Apportionment Formula and forward its results to the National Committee as a proposal. The proposal shall require a two thirds vote for approval and if approved, shall become effective at the conclusion of the vote.

8-1.4 Should any state party become accredited after the bi-annual apportionment, the Apportionment Committee shall recalculate the Delegate Allocation Formula with the newly accredited state party included, and the National Committee shall be expanded by the number of delegates allotted to the newly accredited state party. Only newly accredited state parties shall be affected by this calculation. Existing state parties shall retain their previously approved number of delegates. Should a new caucus become accredited after the bi-annual apportionment, the National Committee shall be expanded by one delegate per new caucus. After such expansions, the next bi-annual apportionment shall return the size of the National Committee to as close to 200 as the mathematics of the formula allows, within 2.

8-1.6 All proposals before the National Committee that are in the discussion phase when a new apportionment is approved shall operate under the new apportionment during the voting phase. All proposals before the National Committee that have entered the voting phase shall operate under the apportionment in place when the voting phase began, regardless of whether a new apportionment was approved during the voting phase.

8-1.7 Amendments to the Delegate Apportionment Categories and the Delegate Apportionment Formula may be proposed to the National Committee by the Apportionment Formula Committee once every eight years, in the odd-numbered year before the presidential elections. The National Committee may authorize the Delegate Apportionment Committee by a two thirds vote, to convene and propose amendments four years into a eight year period, in the odd-numbered year before the presidential elections.

Section 8-2. Apportionment Committee

8-2.1 Mission Statement
The Apportionment Committee shall

8-2.1(a) Calculate the implementation of the Delegate Apportionment Formula, through a process of communication and consultation with state parties;

8-2.1(b) Apply the criteria contained in the Delegate Apportionment Categories, as interpreted by the committee and based upon official election results, voter registration totals and other such information where available;

8-2.1(c) Present its result in the form of a proposal to the National Committee.

8-2.2 Duties and Responsibilities
The duties and responsibilities of the Apportionment Committee are to:

8-2.2(a) Design spreadsheets to facilitate performing the calculations of the Delegate Apportionment Formula.

8-2.2(b) Solicit state parties to send the most accurate and up-to-date data necessary for reapportionment. If a state party does not submit data within the timeline established for that process, the Apportionment Committee is empowered to use publicly available data or to allocate the delegate minimum to that state party until the next apportionment.

8-2.2(c) Solicit accredited caucuses to verify that they still meet the Accreditation guidelines at the time of reapportionment; having 100 registered members per GPUS Rules and Procedures, Section 2, Article 6. A statement of compliance from the Co-Chairs of the caucus shall be considered verification.

8-2.2(d) Apply the Delegate Apportionment Formula to the data, perform the apportionment calculations and report the results in the form of a proposal to the National Committee.

8-2.2(e) Develop and make available a formal challenge process for data submitted by a state party or to the data entry or computational analysis, review any such challenges, and make the final decision regarding numbers to be used.

8-2.3 Membership and Structure

8-2.3(a) Each accredited state party and caucus may appoint up to three of its members to the Apportionment Committee. Committee members are recommended to have the skills needed for apportionment calculations, including mathematical understanding and working with spreadsheets.

8-2.3(b) The Apportionment Committee shall have two co-chairs, chosen according to the committee's Rules, Policies and Procedures.

Section 8-3 Delegate Apportionment Process and Timeline

8-3.1 The Apportionment Committee shall convene for a period of not less than four months after election day in the even numbered year, put out a call to state parties to request information necessary for the apportionment calculation, and present the results of its calculations as a proposal to the National Committee by the end of the sixth month following the election or as soon as practicable thereafter.

8-3.2 Each state party shall have two months from the Apportionment Committee's call for information to submit the information needed to calculate their portion of seats. Within the Delegate Apportionment Categories, there are multiple methods of determining the strength of a state party relative to the others. The state party may choose which method in each category to use. If the state party does not choose, the Apportionment Committee will use the method in each category that gives it its highest possible percentage of delegates on the National Committee.

8-3.3 After receiving necessary data from each state party, the Apportionment Committee will determine the proportion of delegates allocated to each state party using the Delegate Apportionment Formula and forward a proposal to the National Committee for approval. The Apportionment Committee shall address any challenges to its proposal according to the process described in 8-2.2(e) before the proposal goes to a vote.

Section 8-4. Apportionment Formula Committee

8-4.1 Mission Statement

To facilitate the adoption of a proportional system of representation that represents accredited state parties fairly, while assuring that all accredited states are represented on the national committee, the Apportionment Formula Committee shall develop Delegate Apportionment Categories and a Delegate Apportionment Formula for establishing the apportionment of delegates to each accredited state party, and present them for adoption by the National Committee.

8-4.2 Duties and Responsibilities

8-4.2(a) Convene once every eight years, or more frequently as directed by the National Committee, to review and potentially propose revisions to the Delegate Apportionment Categories and a Delegate Apportionment Formula contained in this Article.

8-4.3 Membership and Structure

8-4.3(a) The Apportionment Formula Committee shall consist of eight members elected by the National Committee. All National Committee members and alternates are eligible to be elected, as are any other Green Party members nominated or vetted by their accredited state party or caucus.

8-4.3(b) Between twenty-five and thirty days before the November General Election in the even-numbered, non-Presidential year, the Secretary shall publish a call for nominations to the National Committees Votes list. Nominations may be made by any National Committee member or alternate, including the candidate. Nominations shall be considered made when posted to the National Committee Votes List. Nominations shall be considered accepted when posted as such to the National Committee Votes List by the candidate. Self-nominations shall be considered accepted when made. The deadline for nominations and acceptance shall be two days after the November General Election.

8-4.3(c) Elections shall be conducted according to the procedures in Article VI of the GPUS Rules and Procedures. Each nominee is expected to submit a biography detailing their qualifications to the National Committee Votes List. A two week discussion period followed by a one week vote shall commence the week after the November General Election.

8-4.3(d) The Apportionment Formula Committee shall have two co-chairs, chosen according to the committee's Rules, Policies and Procedures.

Section 8-5 Delegate Apportionment Categories

8-5.1 Membership

Membership shall be the number of Green Party members in the state party as close as possible to the date of the start of the work of the Apportionment Committee. This will then be calculated as a percentage of the total number of Green Party members in the United States, according to one of the following methods:

8-5.1(a) In states where the Green Party can register voters, Green Party membership is defined as the number of voters that are registered or enrolled in the Green Party. Green Party membership in these states may also include those who are ineligible to vote but are extended formal membership by the state party.

8-5.1(b) In states without Green Party voter registration, Green Party membership is defined as the number of people who have filled the qualifications for membership in that state party, have signed up to be Green Party members, or are included in the database of current members in that state party. Signers of ballot access petitions may be considered members of the Green Party if the signers willingly join the Green Party simultaneously or if signing the petition constitutes acceptance of membership in the Green Party according to state law. Calculations and email lists may not be substituted for membership rolls.

Solely for the purposes of standardizing this apportionment measure between states, after voting in a primary of another political party, Green Party members should re-affirm their Green Party membership with their state party. This may be handled on the honor system and does not require a significant extra administrative burden for the state party. The state party is free to count its own membership however it wants for other purposes; this restriction is solely for reporting this particular measure to the Apportionment Committee in a manner that makes the numbers as comparable as possible.

8-5.1(c) If legal action results in a state Green party having its members legally invalidated, they may continue to use the same membership count until the next apportionment cycle.

8-5.2 Campaign Strength

8-5.2(a) The number of Green Party members who are elected to public office from a state party as a percentage of the total number elected from all affiliated state parties, excluding internal party offices such as county councils and central committees. Those elected in an election where less that 300 ballots were cast, shall count as half compared to those elected in elections with 300 or more ballots cast.

8-5.2(b) The total number of Green Party candidates for public office in a state during the previous four calendar years as a percentage of the total number of Green Party candidates from all affiliated state parties during the same period, excluding internal party offices such as county council and central committee. Green Party candidates are defined as Green Party members who run and appear on the ballot in public elections. Those running in an election where less that 300 ballots were cast, shall count as half compared to those running in elections with 300 or more ballots cast.

8-5.2(c) For the purposes of 8-5.2(a) and (b), Green Party office holders must be Green Party members. They may not also be members of the Republican or Democratic Party or running solely on another political party's ballot line.

8-5.2(d) The percentage of the total United States population in a state, as of the last United States Census, multiplied by 0.5. Because this measure is designed to compensate for overly restrictive ballot access laws in some states, if used here, population may not be used in 8-5.3 State Voting Strength or in 8-5.4 Presidential Voting Strength.

8-5.3 State Voting Strength

8-5.3(a) The number of votes cast for Green Party candidates in a state during the previous four calendar years, as a percentage of the total number of votes cast for Green Party Candidates in the U.S during the same time, excluding internal party offices such as county councils and central committees.

8-5.3(b) The highest number of votes received by a single Green Party candidate in a state during the previous four calendar years, as a percentage of the total number of Green Party votes received by the highest vote getter in each state in the U.S. during the same time.

8-5.3(c) The highest vote percentage received by a Green Party candidate in a state during the previous four calendar years in a statewide partisan election for Governor, Lt. Governor or U.S. Senate (or Mayor or Chair of the City Council for the District of Columbia) that is contested by two major political parties, weighted against the same data from every affiliated state Green Party. Because this measure, unlike all the others, is a percentage of a percentage, its effect shall be capped at a maximum of 2 extra delegates.

8-5.3(d) For the purposes of 8-5.3(a),(b) and (c) Green Party candidates must be Green Party members. They may not also be members of the Republican or Democratic Party or running solely on another political party's ballot line. If a candidate is listed on more than one party's ballot line, only the votes for the Green Party ballot line can be counted.

8-5.3(e) The percentage of the total United States population in a state, as of the last United States Census, multiplied by 0.5. Because this measure is designed to compensate for overly restrictive ballot access laws in some states, if used here, population may not be used in 8-5.2 Campaign Strength or in 8-5.4 Presidential Voting Strength.

8-5.4 Presidential Voting Strength

8-5.4(a) The number of votes cast for the Green Party presidential nominee in a state in the most recent presidential election, as a percentage of the number of votes cast for the same candidate nationwide.

8-5.4(b) The number of votes cast for the Green Party presidential nominee in a state in the next preceding presidential election, as a percentage of the number of votes cast for the same candidate nationwide.

8-5.4(c) The percentage of the total United States population in a state, as of the last United States Census, multiplied by 0.5. Because this measure is designed to compensate for overly restrictive ballot access laws in some states, if used here, population may not be used in 8-5.2 Campaign and in 8-5.3 State Voting Strength.

8-5.4(d) As another option to compensate for overly restrictive ballot access laws, states may choose to repeat the Membership measure in 8-5.1.

Section 8-6 Delegate Apportionment Formula

The Delegate Apportionment Formula shall be based upon the Delegate Apportionment Categories described in 8-6 and calculated as follows:

8-6.1 Using the choices of the state party, calculate the score in each of the four Delegate Apportionment Categories. Normalize each category so that the total percentage is 100%.

8-6.2 Add up these scores and divide by 4 to get an average score. This is the percentage of the delegation designated to the state.

8-6.3 If the percentage is less than the minimum percentage threshold of delegates allocated to each state, then two delegates will be allocated to that state party. The minimum percentage threshold is {2 /[200 - (number of accredited caucuses)]} x 100%.

8-6.4 If the percentage is greater than the minimum threshold, that is the initial percentage of delegates allocated to the state party.

8-6.5 Once the initial percentages are calculated for all accredited parties, these values must be normalized to assure that the total percent of delegates equals 100%. The formula for normalizing the initial percentages is as follows:

8-6.5(a) Set all states with initial percentage scores below the minimum threshold value equal to the minimum threshold.

8-6.5(b) Add up the initial percentage scores of all states and divide each state's initial percentage by this total.

8-6.5(c) Repeat the steps in 8-5.5(a) and 8-5.5(b) until the total percentage of delegates allotted to all states (200 - number of accredited caucuses) equals approximately 100% (will usually take 3 to 4 iterations). The number of delegates allocated to each state is calculated by multiplying the normalized percentage of each state by [200 - (number of accredited caucuses)] and rounding off to the nearest integer.

8-6.5(d) Cap the total number of delegates allowed for a single state at 21% of the target National Committee size in 8-1.1.

8-6.5(e) Adjust the rounding threshold if necessary to bring the total number of delegates within the range of 2 of the target number.

Resources

Rules and Procedures change would become effective upon passage.

References

- 5 Proposal on implementation of proportional representation,

- 175 Creation Of A Delegate Apportionment Committee

- 272 Allocation of Delegates to the National Committee of the Green Party version 2

- 279 Apportionment Standing Committee Policies And Procedures

- 418 Proposal to Amend GPUS National Committee Delegate Apportionment Formula -- unrevised

- 429 National Committee Apportionment Schedule


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