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Proposal Details

Proposal ID1147
ProposalCertification of 2023 Steering Committee Co-chairs and Treasurer Elections
PresenterElection Tabulation Committee
Floor ManagerHolly Hart
Discussion06/02/2023 - 06/04/2023
Voting06/05/2023 - 06/11/2023
Presens Quorum31 0.6666
Consens Quorum35 A Majority of Yes and No Votes


Steering Committee elections concluded on May 14, 2023, as scheduled. All ballot keys were successfully delivered to the ballot key mailbox. Ballot keys are sent to the respective voters and to a webmail account accessible to the ETC. The full breakdown should also appear in the voting page results. This year, as in 2022 and 2021, however, the full reports did not appear on the voting page results: names of those who voted, and a breakdown of the tabulation were published, but not a list of voters with the ballot keys attached. Therefore, the Elections Tabulation Committee created our own spreadsheet listing voters with ballot keys, published that to the national committee business list and asked that voters to review their entries to confirm accuracy. Had we received reports of errors (not due to human error), we would have then manually tabulated the results. At this time, we have very good reason to believe that the ballots were all accounted for and counted accurately.


2022 Election of Steering Committee Co-chairs
97 ballots from 35 states/caucuses
  96 votes / 1 Abstention

2023 Election of GPUS Treasurer
95 ballots from 35 states/caucuses
  91 votes / 4 Abstentions

ETC Tabulation:
2023 SC Co-chair Election:

2023 Treasurer Election:

As with past SC elections, the ETC believes we can confirm that the votes were tabulated and calculated correctly (with one exception – see the second item in the Bug Report) and that the voting page reports *originally shown* were accurate. Reviews are normally the sole step to confirm that all votes were received and counted correctly. If needed, this year, the publication of the individual votes could be manually constructed, if needed. Per GPUS Rules & Procedures, the ETC should review and produce a final report as soon as possible, followed by a national committee vote to certify the elections.

1) We found no instances of “duplicate ballot keys” this time. We believe this is because no voters accidentally repeated the step that causes them to be created, not because the bug was fixed. This occurs when someone votes twice in rapid succession (it appears this occurs because they believed their initial vote didn’t go through). Past ETC’s have not discovered that these instances have had any effect on election results, but a manual tabulation would clarify whether these ballots are being counted.

Duplicate ballot keys have surfaced in almost every election. These are unintentional, and it’s known how it happens. As far as we know, they are not counted by the software, but it would take a more in-depth tabulation to be sure. To date, all final results include enough data to show that the election outcomes would not have been changed.

2) At least three NOTA votes were reported as write-ins. These showed up on the ballot report, and it appears they may have been included as part of the tabulation. Write-ins for SC elections are not allowed, so the write-ins were withdrawn before publishing the results. As their existence made no difference in the outcome of the elections, the ETC did not do a manual tabulation, but recommends this bug be included in the general update of the software application, so as to ensure compliance with GPUS elections rules.

3) Upon the conclusion of the elections, the voting page publishes the results with a complete list of names and tally. The results - ideally - also include the list of voters with their ballot keys and votes: 1) list of those who voted; 2) list of those who voted with ballot keys & votes; 3) RCV Tabulation.
  For the past two (now three) years, names and results began to disappear from the list of voters and voting keys (2nd list). It was determined that this occurred when a delegate or alternate who had voted in that election stepped down from their position. Their names remained in the 1st list, and the results remained unaltered. Over time, the list of ballot keys has continued to shrink: check out Illinois whose delegation was just updated this past week, and you will see that the ballot keys of several of their then-delegates’ votes no longer show up in that section.

Fortunately, with the complete list of delegates voting (still accurate) and the ballot keys stored in the webmail account, the ETC can reconstruct the vote and confirm that the results were reported correctly.

 This year, the 2nd list (voters with ballot keys) did not appear.


The Green Party the U.S. National Committee hereby certifies the results of the 2023 Steering Committee elections for Co-chairs and Treasurer.

Craig Cayetano
Darry! Moch
Alfred Mmolison
Joseph Naham

Ribert Stuller





2. Receipt & Right to Challenge Election Results
When the GNC receives a report from the Election Tabulation Committee or a properly filed Challenge as described in paragraph 3., below, the question shall be put to the GNC, on the fourteenth day following the transmittal of the report, on certifying the results as so reported, and as a distinct question, on sustaining each Challenge as may have been timely filed. In presenting a question on sustaining a Challenge, it shall be made clear that to sustain the Challenge is to act to adopt such amendments to the certification as may be proposed by the sustained Challenge. Such questions shall be resolved by a simple majority vote of the GNC.

Questions about this system?
Contact the Voting Admin.
The Green Party of the United States voting system is free software, licensed under the GNU General Public License (GPL).
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To independently verify a ranked choice vote, or for information about how that works, go to Jonathan Lundell's Voting Page and upload the ballot file from the ranked choice vote result page. JL's ranked choice module is licensed under an alternate free software license.
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