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Proposal Details

Proposal ID60
ProposalInternational Resolution of the Green Party of the United States Opposing U.S. Intervention in Cuba
PresenterInternational Committee
Floor ManagerGreg Gerritt
Discussion11/03/2003 - 11/23/2003
Voting11/24/2003 - 12/07/2003
Presens Quorum28 0.6666
Consens Quorum40 A Majority of Yes and No Votes


BACKGROUND: REVISION 3 (11/17/03) The proposed policy statement declares
and explains the Green Partys opposition to any U.S. intervention in
Cuba. The International Committee expects this statement to serve as the
basis for national and state party organizing for peace and regional
development, coalition-building with kindred organizations, electoral
campaign materials, and press statements, and will be submitted to the
Platform Committee for inclusion in the 2004 Green Party Platform.

The original statement was drafted by IC member David Schwartzman, of the DC
Statehood Green Party. The proposed resolution (Rev. 1) was approved by
the International Committee on Monday, October 27, 2003 by a vote of
30-1-3-4 (Yes-No-Abstain-NotVoting). This extensively revised version
(Rev. 3) was prepared in response to CC members concerns regarding Rev. 1
and Rev. 2, by IC members Judie Hilke-Lundborg and
Bahram Zandi , and IC Co-Chair Tony Affigne
, with contributions by other IC members.




The Green Party of the United States hereby declares its strong desire for
peaceful relations with the people of Cuba, and greater interchange
between our two nations. We call on the U.S. Congress to enact a joint
resolution lifting the U.S. embargo and restoring all normal diplomatic
relations, and we call for a U.S. pledge not to use military force or
political and economic subversion against the Republic of Cuba.


As Greens we are committed to non-violence, democracy, and social justice.
Like others in the Americas, we are alarmed by the Cold War-era rhetoric
of the U.S. administration. In recent months U.S. officials have said that
Iraq was a very good example for Cuba, and accused Cuba of developing
bio-weapons which might be shared with terrorists. This claim has been
emphatically denied by the Cuban government.

While military intervention in Cuba could be expensive and dangerous for
Bush, both militarily and politically, we can expect continued
disinformation about weapons of mass destruction, and continued anti-Cuba
rhetoric from this administration. The official U.S. military policy
remains a doctrine of pre-emptive force and subversion, against rogue
states. Thus we are concerned, just as the people of the Caribbean region
are concerned, that U.S. policy toward Cuba, during the War on Terror,
could take a turn for the worse at any time.

We are also disappointed by the Bush Administrations recent, clumsy
attempts to stiffen travel restrictions on U.S. citizens visiting Cuba,
thousands of whom are in Cuba each year for study, civil sector
assistance, the arts, and trade. We call on our fellow citizens and their
organizations to likewise oppose tightened Cuban travel and pledge to
continue opposition until the ban is lifted.


As Greens, however, we deplore executions, whether state-ordered killings
are used against common criminals, or political dissidents. The tragic
execution in April 2003 of three hijackers in Cuba impels us to even more
committed action against the death penalty, both here in the US and in

This Cuban government action was used by Cubas enemies to advocate
extreme U.S. action. The Global Greens Charter, adopted by more than 70
national Green parties in 2001 -- including the Green Party of the United
States -- condemns capital punishment and demands its worldwide abolition.


Relations between Cuba and the U.S., in years after the Revolution of
1959, were characterized by U.S.-initiated military attacks, bombings,
contamination of crops, and hundreds of attempted assassinations. Mutual
hostility once brought the world to the brink of nuclear war.

More recently, conflicts surrounding the ongoing U.S. embargo, the Mariel
boatlift, overflights by Cuban expatriates, disagreements over migrant
exit and entry policies, and the Elian Gonzalez incident, have kept
U.S.-Cuban relations tense and hostile. At the same time, even the U.S.
Congress has grown weary of U.S. policy. For three years in a row the
House of Representatives voted to end the travel ban on Cuba -- most
recently this past September 9, by a vote of 227-188. On October 23 the
U.S. Senate adopted the same policy, by a vote of 59-36.

Yet public opinion in the U.S. is divided, with 50% or more in recent
surveys supporting continued U.S. hostility, and retention of the embargo.
In the spring of 2003 things got worse, following the execution of the
hijackers by the Cuban government, and the trial and imprisonment of 75
Cubans convicted of subversion -- for accepting $20 million in U.S. aid.

The entire region is affected. Other countries in the Caribbean -- all of
whom have voted in the United Nations to condemn the U.S. embargo -- fear
the implications of U.S. diplomatic, economic, and military pressure on
Cuba -- easily imagining this pressure directed at their own nations.


In this environment of U.S. militarism, divided U.S. policy and public
opinion, and the ongoing economic blockade, the Green Party of the United
States recognizes our responsibility to present a clear and principled
alternative, helping lead the region to peace and security.

In our Platform, our public statements, and our electoral campaigns, we
pledge to advocate full normalcy in U.S.-Cuban diplomatic relations, and
peaceful negotiation of lingering issues. We honor the people of Cuba and
will treat them with all the respect due any sovereign nation.

We call on the U.S. Congress and President Bush, as well as the U.S.
Departments of State and Defense, to reduce tensions in the Caribbean by
explicitly rejecting the use of force or subversion against Cuba.

We call for an immediate end to U.S. sanctions. This is not a new
position; we are already on record calling for the end of the blockade, as
a violation of human rights, preventing food and medicine from reaching
people living in a sovereign nation offering no threat to the United
States. In this we join world opinion: On Tuesday, November 4, the U.N.
General Assembly again voted -- for the 12th time -- to call for an end to
the U.S. embargo, this time by a vote of 179-3. Only Israel, the Marshall
Islands -- and our own U.S. government -- voted against the resolution.

We reiterate our position: The blockade must end!

We call on the Cuban legislature to abolish the death penalty, and remove
this contentious issue once and for all. We join Greens worldwide and many
others in the global peace and justice community in condemning the recent
executions of three Cubans convicted of hijacking. We urge the Cuban
legislature to consider the repeal of capital punishment for any crime,
since we hold that capital punishment is a serious violation of human
rights, in our own country as well in the rest of the world.

Finally, we call on the people of the United States to recognize Cubas
social achievements, and allow further development to proceed without U.S.

Cuba has the lowest infant mortality rate and the longest life expectancy
rate in all of Latin America. The World Health Organization calls Cubas
free health care system a model for the world. Cuba has the highest
literacy rate and the highest average educational level in Latin America.
Cubans are world leaders in sustainable development, including organic
agriculture and alternative energy.

These positive changes since 1959 deserve the worlds encouragement and
acknowledgment. The people of Cuba who have made such progress, deserve a
full opportunity to continue, without the external threats of U.S.
attacks, or the internal threats of political repression. As Greens, we
give our support to all possibilities for greater democracy in Cuba, and
we urge that U.S. intervention in Cuba cease.


We affirm our commitment to work for the objectives stated above. We urge
the State Green parties, to carry this message to the American people. We
must take every opportunity to educate the public about Cubas
sovereignty, Cubas achievements, and the importance of opening and
normalizing relations between the people of Cuba and the people of the
United States. We believe that only this approach will engender a
cooperative atmosphere where political freedoms and the interchange of
commerce and culture can be expanded.




CONTACTS: International Committee Co-Floor Managers

Judie Hilke-Lundborgh, IC Member
Hawaii Green Party - Delegate to the CC

Bahram Zandi, IC Member
Maryland Green Party - Delegate to the CC

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